I ❤ NY – Gems and navigating the city


Carlos Bake Shop

We had planned a night in New Jersey on our way to New York City, partly because we wanted to avoid driving in NYC, so we had planned to return the car at Newark, take in at a hotel and explore Hoboken the next morning before venturing into Manhattan. The power company wanted it differently as our hotel at Newark was without power and thus was not able to check us in. We were advised to either wait around until the problem was fixed or find other accommodation. We opted for the last, and found a hotel at Manhattan. Thus we never went to Hoboken. We wanted to visit Carlo’s Bake Shop there, but luckily there is one at near Times Square, by Port Authority Bus Station, although no Buddy or the others from the TV show in sight. Oh well, at least we got to sample some of his baked goods.

The Guggenheim

This Art Museum at Upper East Side is a landmark work of 20th century architecture, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright, was (for us) more interesting from the outside than the inside. It’s a really pretty and iconic building. We are not that artsy-fartsy, so we didn’t even visit the exhibition. Should you, however, be so inclined to visit the Guggenheim, you can find info here.

Fishs Eddy

We stumbled onto this store while exploring the Flatiron District, and we loved the humor in there! If I had no limit what to bring on the plane, then Old Mamasan would definitely go nuts in this store, as it were – a few snapshots just had to suffice. Looks like they do ship internationally if you call or email them.

Hop on hop off busses

We chose to buy a 3 day package with the Gray Line hop on and hop off-busses, included museums and attractions, and we also used it as a mode of transportation, as we then got to travel above ground with a guide to tell us everything we wanted to know and more. The guides were very knowledgeable and some of them even entertaining. We only had one guide (on the Bronx tour) that was hard to understand because her English were poor. The Gray Line also has their own boats to take you out to see the Statue of Liberty, but you are not able to go ashore on neither Liberty nor Ellis Island. You can use one of your attraction vouchers for the ferry from Castle Clinton if you want to visit Liberty and/or Ellis Island, but make sure you get tickets from the Gray Lines office at Times Square, as they do not accept vouchers at Castle Clinton. Unfortunately no one told us this, so we bought new tickets for the ferry.

The buses also have an evening tour to Brooklyn, but due to the see through plastic roof they have put over the top of the buses now at wintertime, it’s hard to get decent pictures.


Seriously, there is no way you are going hungry in this city. You have your choise of fancy-schmancy restaurants and hot dawg stands on the street, and everything in between. Sure, you can play it safe and fill your belly at the chains on Times Square, like Hard Rock Café and Olive Garden, but if you are looking for something a tad more ethnic, then go over to Hell’s Kitchen just a hop and skedaddle from Times Square. Or, do as us, do both. Originally the name Hell’s Kitchen has nothing to do with food, but it is said that the name derives from when the Irish-American working class and poor immigrants used to habituate the area. They were a rowdy bunch and the neighborhood became known as “the most dangerous area on the American Continent.” Have no fear though, those days are long gone and Hell’s Kitchen certainly no longer lives up to the name.

Navigating Manhattan…

…is dead easy! You just have to understand the basic layout of the grid system.

Avenues are the roads that run north/south. The avenues are very long, as the island is long and narrow. The avenues are numbered and/or named and runs like this from East to West:

1st Avenue

2nd Avenue

3rd Avenue

Lexington Avenue

Park Avenue – 4th Avenue below 14th Street

Madison Avenue

5th Avenue

6th Avenue of the Americas – becomes Lenox Avenue when it resumes north of Central Park at 110th Street.

7th Avenue – becomes Adam Clayton Powell Jr Boulevard when it resumes north of Central Park at 110th Street.

8th Avenue (Central Park West) – becomes Frederick Douglas Boulevard north of 110th Street.

9th Avenue – becomes Columbus Avenue north of 57th Street

10th Avenue becomes Amsterdam Avenue north of 57th Street

11th Avenue becomes West End Avenue north of 57th Street

York Avenue runs one block east of 1st Avenue from 59th Street to 91st Street

Riverside Dr. runs generally parallel to the Hudson River (one block west of West End Ave.) from 72nd to 181st St.

Central Park interrupts the grid and the streets and avenues that border the park are referred to as Central Park South (59th Street), Central Park West (8th Avenue), Central Park North (110th Street) and sometimes Central Park East (5th Avenue), and as you see above, avenues tend to change names at or north of Central Park.

Just to further confuse you I’ll also mention that in East Village, there are four additional avenues beyond 1st avenue; Avenue A eastward to Avenue D, an area that is often called “Alphabet City”

Streets are the roads that run east/west and are also numbered. 5th Avenue makes the division between east and west, so a street address will always tell you what side of 5th avenue you are on. Street numbers starts from the south, so the higher the number the farther north you are. In the east/west direction the island is narrow, so the streets are relatively short – at least in comparison to the avenues.

Broadway is one of Manhattans oldest thoroughfares and follows an historic route rather than being part of the grid, and runs perpendicularly as it progresses north from the south of Manhattan up into the Bronx.  It is important to get a grid reference if you are looking for an address on Broadway – or you’ll have a long walk ahead of you.

1-11219651_10153837667451622_3181471047526926123_nWhen Broadway crosses an avenue, you get Squares with open spaces. The Flatiron building has its triangular form because Broadway crossing the avenue left a triangular lot.

The lower part of Manhattan is where settlement first started and the city grew from there and was thus well established when the grid came to be in 1811. The streets and avenues of southern Manhattan have proper names and often run in irregular directions.

The grid pattern generally starts north of Houston Street (and in New Yawk they pronounce the O in Houston (How-ston) unlike the Texans who leave it out), and north and south of Houston street brings us into some really cool abbreviations that the New Yawkers seems to like. Old Mamasan certainly do not qualify as a New Yawker, but I thoroughly dig the names the abbreviations give:

SoHo – South of Houston

NoHo – North of Houston

Tribeca – Triangle Below Canal Street

Fidi – Financial District

Nolita – north of Little Italy

The Village – Nickname for Greenwich Village

Soha – South of Harlem (Morningside Heights)

Nomad – North of Madison Square Park

Dumbo – Down Under the Manhattan Bridge Overpass (this is actually in Brooklyn and not on Manhattan, but is just too good to leave out!)

On either side of Manhattan there are rivers running along it, on the east side you have the East River, and on the west side you have the Hudson River. On either side you have bridges and tunnels connecting Manhattan to New Jersey to the west and Brooklyn to the east. Also bridges gets the funny names: The BMW-bridges (the Brooklyn Bridge, the Manhattan Bridge and the Williamsburg Bridge), and the Williamsburg Bridge is also called the Willie B

As you can see from this and my former posts about New Yawk, this is a must-visit city, and I end my New Yawk series by saying “So long NYC, I will be back.”


I ❤ NY – Cawfee much?

The New Yorkers have a very distinct dialect with their nonstandard pronunciation with the dropping of the R-sound in favor of a prolonged AW sound, and then they make up for dropping the R by putting it in at the ending of other words.  They speak really fast, and quite nasal. For instance, coffee is pronounced cawfee.  And – they love their cawfee!

If we look to the 2015 State of the Chains-report from the Center for an Urban Future, we see that “Starbucks has more stores in Manhattan than any other national retailer, with 220 locations.” Dunkin Donuts tops this list in all the other four NYC boroughs. One might wonder why this is, as Starbucks serves mediocre cawfee at best. It must be the consistency they love. We did try other cawfee houses, and found that the fanciest places don’t necessarily serve the best cawfee.  So we would also seek out the Starbucks, at least the mediocre cawfee we were served there weren’t totally awful.

1-20160218_095355Consistent mediocracy and the fact that they constantly misspell your name on the cup, is why we go back to Starbucks. Yes. I know it’s mean to laugh, but we really have fun with the names! To make a short story long: The Karate Kid ordered a cawfee in Hamburg, Germany, and of course they got his name wrong. Even turned into Melvin. Then I went to order a cawfee for him at Copenhagen Airport, and said my name was Melvin. What I got back was Malvin. In New York we ordered cawfee for Malvin, and we really giggled at this one: it came back as Marvin? Yes, with a question mark!

1-20160219_091855That my name throws them for a loop, is highly expected, as we pronounce our vowels differently. Lene comes out as Lana. Close enough. Even comes out as Evan. Again close enough. But can anyone explain how Gunnar, even when spelled, comes out as Tunarar? Granted, Sir Nerdalot wanted them to get it wrong, and thus he spelled it really fast. But still; Gunnar – Tunarar?

1-20160218_133632I would also like to know how do you get Craig from Yolanda? No one said Craig. I said Yolanda. Still our order came up as Craig. Needless to say – we did not react to the name Craig being called until they specified the order – that’s when we knew we were Craig. But the cawfee still tasted good mediocre.

Do you like your mediocre cawfee in New Yawk? Then I recommend the blog Starbucks and the City, where the author has visited all Starbucks on Manhattan with public access and reviewed them, and even rated them. Have a look!


I ❤ NY – Dum Dum, Give Me Gum Gum!

When you have kids, and they like movies, then you more than likely have seen “Night at the museum” from 2006.You know, the movie where Ben Stiller plays a night security guard at the American Museum of Natural History, where everything comes to life at night. (The line “Dum Dum, give me gum gum” is from said movie)

We recognized a lot of the exhibition from the movie, and it’s a great museum to visit – even though Ben Stiller were nowhere in sight ;-p There were lines to get in, so make sure you pack a lot of patience for your visit.

For Posterity

I ❤ NY – Castle Clinton, Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island


Castle Clinton at Battery Park

When I lost the argument against Sir Nerdalot about Yankee Stadium, and tagged along, snapping pics and quietly planning my revenge – what I planned was Ellis Island.

This plan included several things Sir Nerdalot really do not like; crowds, boat ride and – in his assumption – an uninteresting old building. He was rather “blah” about the whole thing, but was told to shut up and deal with it! And he did.


Sir Nerdalot, dealing with it.


Tickets for the ferry.

We took a ferry ride from Castle Clinton, built in 1811 on a small artificial island just off shore, originally named West Battery. The intention of West Battery was to complement East Battery in the defence of New York City from British forces in the War of 1812 (not all Europeans see this as a war in its own right, but you find a lot of info if you google it as the War of 1812). Anyways, the West Battery was built to keep people out. Now, it invites people in.


Castle Clinton

By a landfill that expanded Battery Park, the fort was incorporated into the mainland of Manhattan Island (1855?) It became property of the city after the war and renamed Castle Clinton after Mayor DeWitt Clinton. It had other uses for some years (beer garden and theatre). From 1855 Castle Clinton served as the world’s first immigration station, where more than 8 million people arrived in the U.S. from 1855 to 1890.


Old Mamasan and the green Lady

The ferry brought us to Liberty Island, where we had the option of getting off the boat and explore the rather small island by ourselves. This is a hop-on, hop-off ferry, and it’s no biggie if you miss one ferry, the next one comes shortly after. We chose not to get off at Liberty Island, as we got enough pictures of the Statue of Liberty already, and we I was anxious to get onwards to Ellis Island.


Statue of Liberty, Ellis Island and the Manhattan skyline


Statue of Liberty

The Statue of Liberty or as the French say: La Liberté éclairant le monde (Liberty Enlightening the World) is a huge neoclassical copper sculpture on Liberty Island in the New York Harbor, designed by the French sculptor Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi, built by Gustave Eiffel and dedicated on Oct 28, 1886. It was a gift from the people of France to the United States. The statue represents a Roman Goddess, Libertas who bears a torch and a tablet evoking the law – tabula ansata where the date of the American Declaration of Independence is inscribed. She has a broken chain lying at her feet. One can only imagine what a welcoming sight the statue must have been for the arriving immigrants – I can only imagine what it must have felt like seing her face.

The next stop on the ferry is Ellis Island, and here we hopped off. The Immigrant Station at Ellis Island was opened Jan 1st, 1892. When it closed, over 20 million immigrants had passed through the island – of which only approx. 2% were refused and returned to their homelands.


The museum at Ellis Island gives a good insight in what the immigrants had to go through. I feel that Hollywood for the most part portrays this as a simple process that is done in no time at all, but in reality it was more complex than that. Just imagine selling everything you own to pay for a ticket to a foreign land, and after weeks upon end onboard a ship, and not necessarily under the most comfortable conditions, you go ashore on Ellis Island where a series of medical and other examinations awaits you, and you do not understand what is going on what so ever, and do not speak the language.  All you know is that you stand in line for a long time, then a new line. Visiting the museum was an emotional experience, and even Sir Nerdalot really appreciated this visit to The Greatest Immigration Museum in the World!

Just one word of advice before I end this post with a bunch of pictures: Ellis Island is not the place to get a gourmet-category meal, stay clear of the cafeteria if you can.


I ❤ NY – Plaza Hotel and Central Park


Home Alone 2 1992 Dual Audio 720p BRRip 750mbHave you seen the movie Home Alone 2 – Lost in New York, this funny Christmas movie from 1992? If you haven’t then you must make a point of seeing it straight away! Well, make sure you see the first movie in the series first, then Home Alone 2. I do not care that it is not Christmas, this is still a must see!

Anyways, those of you that have seen it might recognize the hotel Kevin stayed at in my pictures. That’s right, the Plaza! The Plaza is a landmark 20-story luxury hotel and condominium apartment building, owned by the Indian conglomerate Sahara India Pariwar. You find it on the west side of Grand Army Plaza, right next to Central Park South in Midtown Manhattan.

The Plaza is a French Renaissance château-style building, designed by Henry Janeway Hardenbergh and opened to the public on 01 Oct 1907. When the hotel opened, a room was only $2.50 per night, the equivalent of $63 today. To stay there today though, you will have to pay over 15 times more for the same room. Should you wish to reserve a room at the Plaza, you can do so here..



Central Park is also something that you probably have heard of and seen in various movies and on TV, as it is one of the most visited and filmed locations in the world. The park was established in 1857 on city-owned land. The parks first area was opened to the public the winter of 1858. Construction continued during the American Civil War, and was expanded to its current size of 843 acres in 1873. The park was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1962. From this locations you can also get a horse and carriage ride in Central Park. You can get a really good view of the Central Park from the pictures i took at Top of the Rock.


Something for the nerds is the New York Apple Flagship Store, situated across the street from the Plaza. If you are travelling with a an Apple-inclined Nerd, make sure you tire them with sightseeing and shopping elsewhere before entering the store, or you’ll spend an enormous amount of time in this underground shop. The store is open 24/7 all year round. Cool entrance, eh?


I ❤ NY – Yankee Stadium and Yogi’isms

SAMSUNG CSCWhen venturing on to New York City with Sir Nerdalot, whose Indian name would be “NerdWhoLikesWeirdSports“, one cannot quietly let Yankee Stadium pass by. Old Mamasan did try to persuade him to let it go – as it was not even baseball season (thus no curveballs in sight), but failed miserably. So what to do when the argument is lost? You charge up the batteries for the camera, put on good shoes, and tag along while quietly planning revenge.



Yankee Stadium is a sports facility used mainly for baseball (but also soccer), and is situated in the Bronx.  The Bronx is the northernmost of the five boroughs that make New York City, and the only borough on the US mainland. The Bronx is named after Jonas Bronck who created the first settlement as part of the New Netherland colony in 1636. The origin of Jonas Bronck is a disputed one.  One theory is that Jonas Bronck was born ca 1600 and son of a Norwegian Lutheran Minister, who relocated with his family to Torshavn in the Faroe Islands, where Jonas grew up. In 1619 Jonas went to school in Roskilde, Denmark, and later moved on to the Netherlands. Other theories claim him to be Danish, Swedish or German, and that he might be Mennonite.

Regardless of where the name giver to the Bronx was from, and regardless of his religion being Lutheran or Mennonite, it is a fact that the native Lenape were displaced after 1643 by settlers. I have already written a little about the Lenape here.


A model of “The House that Ruth Built”

But let’s get back to Yankee Stadium; the one we visited is not  “The House that Ruth Built”, as that is the old Stadium one block down. This new one has been used by the New York Yankees of MLB (Major League Baseball) since 2009 and incorporates replicas of some design elements from the original Yankee Stadium, a baseball museum and a supporter store. This new stadium is also the most expensive stadium ever built.  

So this is where Sir Nerdalot dragged myself and the Karate Kid – kicking and screaming – to see the home field of his favorite baseball team;  New York Yankees. I am not going to bore you with the history of the Yankees, because I honestly couldn’t care less. There is however one man affiliated with the Yankees that is worth mention, and that is Yogi Berra.

10-12443456_950702591664570_330462771_oYogi Berra was an American professional baseball catcher, manager and coach. He has played for, managed and coached the New York Yankees, and he was very much so a superstar in baseball. Besides his achievements in sports, there is also another good reason why Sir Nerdalot is a huge fan of Yogi Berra: The Yogi-isms! Yogi Berra quit school after the 8th grade, had he stayed with it a little longer we might all have missed all the hilarious things he said. Here are my favorite Yogi’isms:

  • Nobody goes there anymore. It’s too crowded.
  • It ain’t over till it’s over.
  •  When you come to a fork in the road, take it.
  • You can observe a lot by watching.
  • Always go to other people’s funerals; otherwise they won’t go to yours.
  • If you don’t know where you are going, you might wind up someplace else.
  • You better cut the pizza in four pieces because I’m not hungry enough to eat six.
  • You can observe a lot by watching
  • If the world was perfect, it wouldn’t be.
  • Baseball is 90 percent mental and the other half is physical.
  • He hits from both sides of the plate. He’s amphibious.
  • I’m not going to buy my kids an encyclopedia. Let them walk to school like I did.
  • I just want to thank everyone who made this day necessary.
  • It gets late early out there.
  • Love is the most important thing in the world, but baseball is pretty good, too.
  • It was impossible to get a conversation going, everybody was talking too much.
  • It ain’t the heat, it’s the humility.
  • Little League baseball is a very good thing because it keeps the parents off the streets.
  • I wish I had an answer to that because I’m tired of answering that question.
  • How can you think and hit at the same time?SAMSUNG CSC
  • If you ask me anything I don’t know, I’m not going to answer
  • It’s like deja-vu, all over again.
  • I always thought that record would stand until it was broken.
  • A nickel ain’t worth a dime anymore.
  • I really didn’t say everything I said.

All in all, a happy Sir Nerdalot makes it worthwhile, especially when he treated us to a nice lunch at the Hard Rock Cafe at the stadium. Also great to know that he owes me bigtime!

I ❤ NY – Times Square


Times Square with its many billboards.

When visiting New York City, there is no way you can forego Times Square at Midtown Manhattan. Times Square is the junction of Broadway and Seventh Avenue, and I am sure you have seen it both on TV and in several movies; this is where the ball drops every New Year’s Eve. This commercial intersection is brightly adorned with billboards and advertisements, and if you have money to spend, you can spend it quickly here in the many shops, theatres and restaurants. It is one of the world’s busiest pedestrian crossings, but does not hold a candle to the Big Scramble (Shibuya Crossing) in Tokyo. (I have posted two videos from the Big Scramble in Tokyo here, but that post was written in Norwegian, so you might want to scroll down to the videos if you cannot read Norwegian.)


This is where the ball drops!

If you are into the cultural stuff, you might want to catch a play or a show at one of the many theatres on Broadway. We were just a couple of days too late to catch George Takei’s musical “Allegiance”, which was the only musical we really wanted to see.


Sir Nerdalot at Times Square

The junction was named Longacre Square until 1904 when it was renamed because The New York Times moved its headquarters to the newly erected Times Building. Before and after the American Revolution, the owner, John Morin Scott, a General of the New York militia, owned and farmed the area and used it for horse breeding. His manor house was at what is currently 43rd Street. In the first half of the 19th century, John Jacob Astor owned the land, and made a fortune selling off lots to hotels and other real estate concerns as the city rapidly grew north.


Old Mamasan posing for a pic at the Times Square.

In the 1930’s Times Square acquired a reputation as a dangerous neighborhood, a rep that would last into the early 1990s, due to its go-go bars, sex shops, peeps shows and adult theatres. Crime rates were high, and police morale was low. In the mid-1990s Mayor Rudy Giuliani led an effort to clean up the area; security was increased, pornographic theatres were closed, and “undesirable” renters were pressured to relocate. Rudy Giuliani was known to be “tough on crime” and is widely credited for major improvements in the city’s quality of life and rates of violent crimes. Still I did get the impression that he was not very well liked by the New Yawkers.


Hustle and bustle at Times Suare

One of Times Square’s nicknames is “The Center of the Universe”, and that is understandable knowing that approximately 330.000 people pass through Times Square daily. Even though Times Square is not the center of my universe, I still highly recommend a visit here. It is a fun place for sure.



I ❤ NY – Grant’s Tomb and the Miracle on the Hudson

In Riverside Park, in the Morningside Heights (Upper Manhattan), you find Grant’s Tomb, more formally known as General Grant National Memorial. This is the final resting place of the 18th President of the United States, Ulysses S. Grant, and his wife. President Grant has often come under criticism for protecting corrupt associates, and in his second term he led the nation into a severe depression. Grant was a republican, elected President twice (1869-77), and worked to remove the vestiges of Confederate nationalism and slavery, protect African-American citizenship, prosecuted the Ku Klux Klan, and enforced civil and voting rights.


Sir Nerdalot and the Karate Kid in front of Grant’s Tomb

Before his Presidency, Grant was Commanding General of the United States Army (1864-69), where he worked closely with President Abraham Lincoln and led the Union Army to victory over the Confederacy in the American Civil War.

At age 63, Ulysses S. Grant died of throat cancer (July 23, 1885), but his remains were not transferred into a sarcophagus inside the mausoleum until 1897.


Hudson River

From his final resting place, Ulysses S. Grant had a clear view of “the Miracle on the Hudson”, when the US Airways Flight 1549 made an unpowered emergency water landing in the Hudson river on Jan 15, 2009. The plane had just taken off from LaGuardia Airport in New York City, headed for Charlotte Douglas International Airport, when it struck a flock of Canada geese during it’s initial climb. The bird strike caused both jet engines to lose power, and the plane could not reach the closest airfield.

All 155 passengers and crew aboard successfully evacuated while the plane was floating on the water, some injured, but against the odds – no fatalities. See the below YouTube-link below, and listen to how calm the pilot is. A true Hero.

There are also to gorgeous churches to visit at Morningside Heights, Cathedral of Saint John the Divine and Riverside church being right across the street from Grant’s Tomb, if you are into that sort of thing:



I ❤ NY – Top of the Rock

We had planned to catch the view from Empire State Building, NYC’s 3rd tallest building, but was advised to visit the 14th tallest building instead; the Rock at Rockefeller Center. Have you seen the iconic picture “Lunch Atop a Skyscraper”? Well it was taken during construction of the Rock.


Rockefeller Center is located right smack in the Manhattan midtown, and consists of 19 commercial buildings. It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1987. Rockefeller Center was named after John D. Rockefeller JR and was built on leased space belonging to Columbia University. The 14 building in the Art Deco style were completed and opened in 1939. Columbia University old the land upon which the buildings stood, to the Rockefeller Group in 1985.


At street level, 200 flagpoles line the plaza, displaying flags of the UN member countries, the US States and territories, or decorative and seasonal motifs. During national and state holidays, they fly the flag of the US on all of them.

In wintertime a skating rink is opened at the plaza, and they put up the tallest X-mas tree in the US here every year. I bet you have seen this on TV or in movies.


30 Rock is a nickname for 30 Rockefeller Plaza, an American Art Deco skyscraper in the center of Rockefeller Center. It was formerly called the RCA Building (1933-1988), the GE Building (1988-2015), and todays name is the Comcast Building.


From the observation deck at Top of the Rock, you get stunning views over Central Park and Manhattan. This is not for the faint hearted, so Sir Nerdalot kept well clear of the edge. Mind you, when you get up there in the elevator, there are still two more stories to go! The absolute top deck is by far the best for photography, as they have not put up those pesky plastic walls there. If you are on a Quest for a great view over NYC, this is the place to go!


I ❤ NY – City Hall Park (Civic Center)

After seeing Word Trade Center’s Ground Zero, we had a little time to kill while waiting for the bus (a little info on the hop-on-hop-off-busses can be found here), so we wandered into the City Hall Park, a lovely little oasis in this magnificent city.


City Hall Park is located in the area of lower Manhattan, called Civic Center. It encompasses New York City Hall, police headquarters, Foley Square courthouses. Originally, this area was occupied by the Lenape Indians*(see bottom of post for more info) due to its rich pastoral fields and proximity to both the East River and the Hudson River. What is now Foley Square used to be a big pond that was so low lying that during the spring floods, the Indians could paddle between the rivers via the pond.

In 1609 the land was claimed for the Dutch by Henry Hudson, farms expanded and the colony grew, and the demand for workers increased – and in 1625 the Dutch West Indies Company decided to import slaves.


City Hall Park has seen a lot of action (here are a few);

  • Protests against the Stamp Act in 1765, and later the celebration when it was revoked.
  • The “Liberty Pole” erected by the Sons of Liberty was chopped down by British soldier and replaced five times.
  • The completion of St. Paul’s Chapel in 1766.
  • George Washington’s reading of the Declaration of Independence (July 9, 1776)
  • the British recapturing the area
  • Bridewells prison head starving 2000 prisoners and hanging 250 of them
  • the American forces recapturing the Civic Center, and George Washington raising the flag in the park (1783)
  • President Washington’s visit to St. Paul’s Chapel immediately after his inauguration (1789)
  • Abolishment of slavery in 1827 was celebrated in the park for two days.


City Hall:

The original City Hall of New York was built in 1700. In 1802 it could no longer accommodate the growing municipal government, so a design contest for a new City Hall was held. It was won by John McComb Jr and Joseph Francois Mangin and the building was completed in 1812.




David N. Dinkins Municipal Building


Picture from Wikipedia

This 40 story building was built (1914) to accommodate increased governmental space demands after the consolidation of the city’s five boroughs; Manhattan, the Bronx, Queens, Brooklyn and Staten Island. Each borough has its own President, and a borough is here a municipal corporation that is created when a country is merged with populated areas within it.  Gale Brewer is the Manhattan Borough President. At 180 meters tall, this is one of the largest governmental buildings in the world. The building was designated a New York City landmark in 1966.


*The Lenape (or Delaware Indians) are a Native American tribe, whose historical territory was along the Delaware River watershed, western Long Island and lower Hudson valley. Expanding European colonies in the 18th century pushed the Lenape out of their homeland. They suffered violent conflicts with Europeans and newly introduced diseases like smallpox. Surviving Lenape moved west into the upper Ohio River Basin, and in the 1860s, most the Lenape remaining in the eastern states were sent to the Indian Territory.

I find the Lenape especially interesting because of the importance of the Lenape women; the following is copied from Wikipedia:

“Lenape kinship system has matrilineal clans, that is, children belong to their mother’s clan, from which they gain social status and identity. The mother’s eldest brother was more significant as a mentor to the male children than was their father, who was of another clan. Hereditary leadership passed through the maternal line, and women elders could remove leaders of whom they disapproved. Agricultural land was managed by women and allotted according to the subsistence needs of their extended families. Families were matrilocal; newlywed couples would live with the bride’s family, where her mother and sisters could also assist her with her growing family.”